Accession Number:

AD0258761

Title:

STUDY OF AN ACTIVE CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A SPINNING BODY

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION WASHINGTON D C

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1961-06-01

Pagination or Media Count:

1.0

Abstract:

The mission requirements for some satellites require that they spin continuously and at the same time maintain a precise direction of the spin axis. An analog-computer study was made of anATTITUDE CONTROL SYSTEM WHICH IS SUITABLE FOR SUCH A SATELLITE. The control system provides the necessary attitude control through the use of a spinning wheel, which will provide precession torques, commanded by an automatic closed-loop servomechanism system. The sensors used in the control loop are rate gyroscopes for damping of any wobble motion and a sun seeker for attitude control. The results of the study show that the controller can eliminate the wobble motion of the satellite resulting from a rectangular pulse moment disturbance and then return the spin axis to the reference space axis. The motion is damped to half amplitude in less than one cycle of the wobble motion. The controller can also reduce the motion resulting from a step change in product of inertia both by causing the new principal axis to be steadily alined with the spin vector and by reducing the cone angle generated by the reference body axis. These methods will reduce the motion whether the satellite is a disk, sphere, or rod configuration. Author

Subject Categories:

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE