Accession Number:

AD0257341

Title:

PRIMARY CELLS UTILIZING ORGANIC COMPOUNDS AS THE ACTIVE COMPONENTS

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

RADIO CORP OF AMERICA SOMERVILLE NJ

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1960-11-01

Pagination or Media Count:

1.0

Abstract:

Attempts were made to develop the best of the present laboratory-made cells into practical form, suitable for military applications, and to exploit the use of untried organic materials for the purpose of obtaining maximum usefulness from this new class of battery materials. A detailed discussion of the performance of the magnesiumdinitrobenzene cell and a summary of the capacity, shelf-life, delayed action, impedance, and temperature-dependence data is presented. The roles of C and H2O in the m-dinitrobenzene cathode and the effect of Mg efficiency upon cell performance were studied. Various cell configurations round and flat were evaluated to provide design criteria for optimum cell structures. A magnesium-m-dinitrobenzene dry cell with a capacity of 90 whrlb is described. The theory concerning the effect of group type and position in a molecule and its effect on ca hode potential is presented for the aromatic nitro and nitroalkane compounds and extended to heterocyclic nitro compounds and organic anode materials. The more important classes of organic anode materials, hydrazine, and organic cathode materials, nitropyridines and nitrofurans are discussed in greater detail. Author

Subject Categories:

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE