Accession Number:

AD0253500

Title:

OPERANT CONDITIONING OF A SEMANTICALLY IDENTIFIED WORD CLASS

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

ARIZONA STATE UNIV TEMPE

Report Date:

1961-03-01

Pagination or Media Count:

1.0

Abstract:

This study tested the expectation that a class of words each eliciting the same meaning component while varying on other components could be operantly conditioned. Forty words of positive evaluative meaning, identified as such by ratings obtained with semantic differential scale, were each presented on a card with 3 different words of neutral or unsystematic meaning to 20 individually run Ss. E reinforced 10 Experimental Group Ss for each positive evaluative word response by saying GOOD no reinforcement was given the positive word responses of the 10 Control Group Ss. A statistical analysis of each Ss set of scores indicated that the Experimental Group increased significantly in the frequency of positive words emitted relative to those emitted by the Control Group as a function of the reinforcement. The results thus corroborated the experimental hypothesis. It is suggested that other demonstrations of of the operant conditioning of word classes may involve the elicitation of a common meaning response by the individual word responses. Author

Subject Categories:

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE