GROSS PATTERN OF INJURY OF 109 SURVIVORS OF FIVE TRANSPORT ACCIDENTS
CORNELL-GUGGENHEIM AVIATION SAFETY CENTER NEW YORK
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The gross pattern of injury - site, frequency, and seriousness - of 109 survivors of five transport accidents is shown. The accidents include four extremely severe conditions of crash force - and aircraft damage the fifth involved moderate crash force and moderate aircraft damage. Two of the crashes - one of which involved rearward facing seats - were of similar nature. Lack of delethalized design in the seat structures and lack of effective tie-down of seats were factors in producing injury in survivable areas in three of the accidents. The two principal types of injuries sustained by the survivors were concussion 59.5 and fractures of the lower extremities 47.1.
- Safety Engineering