X-RAY SPECTROSCOPY AND THE SMALL ANGLE SCATTERING OF X-RAYS
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X-ray spectroscopic techniques were used to determine electron band structures in solids and excited electronic levels of molecules in condensed systems. The latter produced information about bonding orbitals and, indirectly, about the symmetry of nearest neighbors around the absorbing atom. Small-angle scattering was applied to the measurement of the size, shape, and hydration of protein and virus molecules in solution. Theoretical investigations were also made in solid-state physics. The x-ray scattering from liquid He I and II was investigated for small angles.
- Atomic and Molecular Physics and Spectroscopy