ROTARY WING TIP-MOUNTED PULSE-JET ENGINE STRUCTURAL, NOISE REDUCTION, VALVE PHASING AND ELECTRICAL ANALOGY INVESTIGATIONS
FAIRCHILD ENGINE AND AIRPLANE CORP COSTA MESA CA FAIRCHILD ELECTROTECHNICS DIV
Pagination or Media Count:
Improvement of existing pulsejet engines resulted in engines having 1 a 425-fps design speed with a maximum over 500 fps, 2 a design-speed life exceeding 41 hr, 3 a 444-g design-acceleration loading with a maximum over 575 g, and 4 a specific thrust of 2.23. An analysis indicated that a 25 greater thrust is possible with a ducted engine at a 550-fps tip speed. Acoustic coupling of 2 engines with proximate tailpipes reduced the fundamental-frequency noise level. Exhaust-shroud design requirements were established for shrouds which enhance acoustic coupling and which do not adversely affect static performance. Opposed-engine configurations further reduced the noise level and favorably affected performance. The inlet noise level was not reduced by acoustically coupling 4 ducts. A capacitance-type pressure pickup with a 1.25- mc carrier frequency and a 50-psi maximum was used with a high-impedance probe to determine engine-pressure variations. Average inlet-valve operating temperatures of 145 deg F may permit the use of strain gages as inlet-valve position indicators. Inlet-valve natural frequency and damping characteristics could not be determined with commercial vibration equipment. Studies of electrical analogies for engine analysis provided 1 a basic circuit demonstrating the analogous behavior of electrical circuits and pulsejet engines, 2 a relaxation oscillator providing repetitive analogy operations and simulating combustion, 3 an artificial electrical line simulating acoustic resonant characteristics, and 4 a determination of engine-tube resonant modes.
- Noise Pollution and Control
- Jet and Gas Turbine Engines