SOCIAL PERCEPTION AND GROUP EFFECTIVENESS
ILLINOIS UNIV AT URBANA BUREAU OF RESEARCH AND SERVICE
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An investigation is being made of the extent to which personal characteristics of team members differentiate effective from less effective teams. An Assumed Similarity AS score was obtained by asking a person to describe himself and to predict the self-description given by another person. It is suggested that the person who assumes similarity is a warmer, less critical person. Studies on basketball and surveyor teams indicated that effective teams prefer co-workers with low AS. Preliminary evidence showed that the design of forced-choice instruments where each item has about equal scale value may be inferior to a design in which items grouped together differ in scale value. A method was derived for obtaining a hierarchy index from sociometric ratings.
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