Accession Number : ADP008763


Title :   New Methods for Evaluating Skin Injury from Sulfur Mustard in the Hairless Guinea Pig


Corporate Author : ARMY MEDICAL RESEARCH INST OF CHEMICAL DEFENSE ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD


Personal Author(s) : Braue, Ernest H , Jr ; Bangledorf, Catherine R ; Rieder, Robert G


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/p008763.pdf


Report Date : 13 May 1993


Pagination or Media Count : 8


Abstract : We have reported (Proceedings of the 1991 Medical Defense Bioscience Review) the use of a reflectance color meter for the quantification of erythema and a high frequency ultrasound system for the evaluation of edema by measuring skin thickness. This report compares these two techniques with several new methods including laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) to measure microcirculation, skin elasticity measurements made both parallel (Dermal Torque Meter, DTM) and perpendicular (Cutometer) to the skin surface, and capacitance measurements for evaluating the skin hydration state. The skin of anesthetized hairless guinea pigs was exposed to saturated HD vapor (1.4mg/mi) at 4 sites for 3, 5, 7, or 9 minutes. Lesions were evaluated by each of the analytical methods at various times up to 24 hours post-exposure. Results have demonstrated a dose-response relationship between HD vapor exposure and erythema (reflectance color meter), edema (high frequency ultrasound), cutaneous microcirculation (LDF), and skin elasticity measured perpendicular to the skin surface (Cutometer). HD vapor cutaneous exposure had only a marginal effect on skin elasticity parallel (DTM) to the skin and on moisture content. These preliminary results suggest that reflectance color meter, high frequency ultrasound, LDF, and skin elasticity measurements may be useful for determining the efficacy of candidate antivesicant therapies.


Descriptors :   *TOXICITY , *SKIN(ANATOMY) , *HD AGENT , *EDEMA , *ERYTHEMA , FREQUENCY , MEASUREMENT , THICKNESS , HIGH FREQUENCY , VAPORS , SITES , ELASTIC PROPERTIES , LASERS , MOISTURE CONTENT , SURFACES , ULTRASONICS , COLORS , DOSAGE , REFLECTANCE , DOPPLER SYSTEMS , MOISTURE , TORQUE , CAPACITANCE , LESIONS , SWINE , GUINEA PIGS , HYDRATION


Subject Categories : Toxicology
      Chemical, Biological and Radiological Warfare


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE