Accession Number : ADM001835


Title :   Trailer Removal Mitigation and Archeological Investigation, 1996-1997, Brown's Sheep Camp (5LA5824), U. S. Army Pinon Canyon Maneuver Site, Las Animas County, Colorado (CD-ROM)


Descriptive Note : Final rept. 1996-1997


Corporate Author : NATIONAL PARK SERVICE LINCOLN NE MIDWEST ARCHEOLOGICAL CENTER


Personal Author(s) : Bringelson, Dawn ; Hunt, William J , Jr ; Bozell, John R


Report Date : Jan 2005


Pagination or Media Count : 1


Abstract : ELECTRONIC FILE CHARACTERISTICS: 30 files; Microsoft Word (.DOC), Microsoft Access (.MDB) and Microsoft Excel (.XLS). PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: 1 hard copy document and 1 CD-ROM; 4 3/4 in.; 10.1 MB. ABSTRACT: In 1996, the Army removed a trailer from the National Register eligible site of Brown's Sheep Camp (5LA5824). Subsequent inspection revealed noticeably disturbed historic deposits, and the Army entered into an Interagency Agreement with MWAC to determine the extent of damage to the site. Overall, backhoe and other digging disturbed 68 square meters of the ground surface around the trailer location, resulting in the exposure of sediments containing late 19th and early 20th century artifacts. Three large piles of dirt and debris (totaling approximately 13 cubic meters of sediment), located nearby, were found to contain similar artifacts. Thirty-nine square meters of excavation units were placed in and around the disturbed areas with the goal of learning about the nature of the disturbance as well as the historic deposits themselves. Two main deposits were located and explored: a shallow midden and a large deep refuse pit. Analyses focused on the pit suggest intense deposition during or after the late 1920s, followed by one or more additional episodes. The assemblage supports interpretations of ranch occupants as focused on sheep production, reliant on self-produced fresh foods (but consuming imported goods as well), and including ranch workers as well as their families.


Descriptors :   *HISTORIC SITES , *ARCHEOLOGY , *SEDIMENTS , DAMAGE , DEPOSITION , DEPOSITS , ARTIFACTS , SITE INVESTIGATIONS , SHEEP , CANYONS , COLORADO , EXCAVATION , COMPUTER FILES , CULTURAL RESOURCES , HISTORY , EXTRACTION , TRAILERS


Subject Categories : Humanities and History


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE