Accession Number : ADB280176


Title :   The Manufacture, Properties, and Testing of Napalm Soaps


Corporate Author : EASTMAN KODAK CO ROCHESTER NY


Personal Author(s) : Broughton, G ; Byfield, A


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/b280176.pdf


Report Date : 17 Nov 1943


Pagination or Media Count : 125


Abstract : Napalm, a mixture of aluminum hydroxy soaps of oleic, naphthenic and coconut acid used for thickening incendiary bomb gasoline, is manufactured by a three step process. In the first step a mixture of the acids is reacted with aluminum sulfate solution in the presence of aqueous caustic soda. In the second step the precipitate of soaps, formed in the first step, is dewatered and dried, and in the third step the dried product is packaged in special containers. Details are given of control methods, of the various properties of Napalm, of the method dispersing Napalm in gasoline, and of testing the finished gel.


Descriptors :   *NAPALM BOMBS , ALUMINUM COMPOUNDS , ALUMINUM SOAPS , CONCENTRATION(CHEMISTRY) , GASOLINE , INCENDIARY GELS , MOISTURE CONTENT , OXIDATION


Subject Categories : Ammunition and Explosives


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE