Accession Number : ADA640003


Title :   Real-Time Target Motion Animation for Missile Warning System Testing


Corporate Author : SPECTRAL SCIENCES INC BURLINGTON MA


Personal Author(s) : Perkins, Timothy ; Sundberg, Robert ; Cordell, John ; Tun, Zaw ; Owen, Mark


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a640003.pdf


Report Date : Apr 2006


Pagination or Media Count : 15


Abstract : The QUick Image Display (QUID) model accurately computes and displays radiance images of aircraft and other objects, generically called targets, at animation rates while the target undergoes unrestricted flight. Animation rates are obtained without sacrificing radiometric accuracy by using two important innovations. First, QUID has been implemented using the Open Scene Graph (OSG) library, an open-source, cross-platform 3-D graphics toolkit for the development of high performance graphics applications in the fields of visual simulation, virtual reality, scientific visualization and modeling. Written entirely in standard C++ and fully encapsulating OpenGL and its extensions, OSG exploits modern graphics hardware to perform the computationally intensive calculations such as hidden surface removal, 3-D transformations, and shadow casting. Second, a novel formulation for reflective/emissive terms enables rapid and accurate calculation of per-vertex radiance. The bi-directional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) is a decomposed into separable spectral and angular functions. The spectral terms can be pre-calculated for a user specified band pass and for a set of target-observer ranges. The only BRDF calculations which must be performed during target motion involves the observer-target-source angular functions. QUID supports a variety of target geometry files and is capable of rendering scenes containing high level-of-detail targets with thousands of facets. QUID generates accurate visible to LWIR radiance maps, in-band and spectral signatures. The newest features of QUID are illustrated with radiance and apparent temperature images of threat missiles as viewed by an aircraft missile warning system.


Descriptors :   *DISPLAY SYSTEMS , *GUIDED MISSILES , *IMAGE PROCESSING , *WARNING SYSTEMS , ACCURACY , EMISSION , REAL TIME , REFLECTANCE , REFLECTION , SIGNATURES , SPECTRUM SIGNATURES , THREE DIMENSIONAL , VIRTUAL REALITY , VISIBILITY


Subject Categories : Cybernetics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE