Accession Number : ADA629441


Title :   Mouse Plantar Flexor Muscle Size and Strength After Inactivity and Training


Descriptive Note : Journal article


Corporate Author : ARMY INST OF SURGICAL RESEARCH FORT SAM HOUSTON TX


Personal Author(s) : Wenke, Joseph C ; Warren, Gordon L ; Rathbone, Christopher R ; Armstrong, Robert B


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a629441.pdf


Report Date : Jul 2010


Pagination or Media Count : 8


Abstract : Introduction: Losses in muscle mass and strength may affect an astronaut's safety; therefore, it is of utmost importance to optimize countermeasures to minimize atrophy and strength loss during space flight. The main purpose of this study was to determine if high force eccentric or isometric contractions performed by the plantar fl exor group during hind limb suspension would preserve muscle mass and strength. Methods: Plantar flexor muscles of mice were trained with either eccentric or isometric contractions every other day during a 10-d hind limb suspension period. Pre- and post-suspension stimulation frequency- and angular velocity-dependent measurements of torque of the plantar flexors, soleus twitch (Pt) and tetanic (Po) force, bodyweight, and muscle wet weight measurements were made. Results: The 19 and 26% losses in gastrocnemius and soleus muscle wet weights, respectively, were not attenuated with eccentric or isometric contractions. Neither eccentric nor isometric contractions attenuated the soleus muscles 30% isometric force loss after hind limb suspension. Despite losses in muscle mass, there was no decrease in the force produced by the plantar flexor muscle group after hind limb suspension. Discussion: Hind limb suspension decreased both gastrocnemius and soleus mass, and in vitro soleus force production. However, in vivo force production of the plantar flexor muscle group did not decrease, which may be explained by a shift in the isometric torque: ankle angle relationship. The use of eccentric or isometric contractions as a countermeasure to offset muscle mass and strength requires further investigation as neither was capable of maintaining soleus muscle force production, or gastrocnemius and soleus muscle mass during hind limb suspension.


Descriptors :   *ASTRONAUTS , *ATROPHY , *EXERCISE(PHYSIOLOGY) , *MUSCLES , *SPACE FLIGHT , BODY WEIGHT , COUNTERMEASURES , EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN , EXTREMITIES , GRAVITY , IN VITRO ANALYSIS , JOINTS(ANATOMY) , LEGS , MICE , OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE , PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS , REPRINTS , RESPONSE(BIOLOGY) , SAFETY , STATISTICAL ANALYSIS , STIMULI , SUSPENSION DEVICES , TORQUE , TRAINING


Subject Categories : Anatomy and Physiology
      Medicine and Medical Research
      Astronautics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE