Accession Number : ADA627948


Title :   A Multidisciplinary Clinical Pathway Decreases Rib Fracture-Associated Infectious Morbidity and Mortality in High-Risk Trauma Patients


Descriptive Note : Journal article


Corporate Author : ARMY INST OF SURGICAL RESEARCH FORT SAM HOUSTON TX


Personal Author(s) : Todd, S R ; McNally, Michael M ; Holcomb, John B ; Kozar, Rosemary A ; Kao, Lillian S ; Gonzalez, Ernest A ; Cocanour, Christine S ; Vercruysse, Gary A ; Lygas, Marjorie H ; Brasseaux, Bobbie K


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a627948.pdf


Report Date : Jan 2006


Pagination or Media Count : 7


Abstract : Background: We initiated a multidisciplinary clinical pathway targeting patients greater than 45 years of age with more than 4 rib fractures. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the effect of this pathway on infectious morbidity and mortality. Methods: This was a prospective cohort study. Data evaluated included patient demographics, injury characteristics, pain management details, lengths of stay, morbidity, and mortality. Univariate and multi-variate analyses were performed using a significance level of P less than .05. Results: When adjusting for age, injury severity score, and number of rib fractures, the clinical pathway was associated with decreased intensive care unit length of stay by 2.4 days (95% confidence interval [CI] -4.3, -0.52 days, P = .01) hospital length of stay by 3.7 days (95% CI -7.1, -0.42 days, P = .02), pneumonias (odds ratio [OR] 0.12, 95% CI 0.04 to 0.34, P less than .001), and mortality (OR 0.37, 95% CI 0.13 to 1.03, P = .06). Conclusions: Implementation of a rib fracture multidisciplinary clinical pathway decreased mechanical ventilator-dependent days, lengths of stay, infectious morbidity, and mortality.


Descriptors :   *BONE FRACTURES , *MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS , *PATIENTS , *PNEUMONIA , *RIBS , *TRAUMA , CLINICAL MEDICINE , DATA BASES , DEMOGRAPHY , INFECTIOUS DISEASES , INTENSIVE CARE UNITS , MANAGEMENT , MORBIDITY , MORTALITY RATE , PAIN , PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS , RESPONSE(BIOLOGY) , RISK , VENTILATORS , WOUNDS AND INJURIES


Subject Categories : Anatomy and Physiology
      Medicine and Medical Research


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE