Accession Number : ADA627266


Title :   Bacteriophage-based Probiotic Preparation for Managing Shigella Infections


Descriptive Note : Final rept. 11 Apr 2011-10 Apr 2013


Corporate Author : INTRALYTIX INC BALTIMORE MD


Personal Author(s) : Sulakvelidze, Alexander


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a627266.pdf


Report Date : 16 Apr 2015


Pagination or Media Count : 73


Abstract : During the studies supported by our Phase I STTR grant from the US Army, we began developing and testing a novel concept for a probiotic preparation based on naturally occurring bacteriophages as a way to condition the GI tract s microflora gently and favorably. The preparation (designated ShigActive ) is a bacteriophage cocktail that specifically targets Shigella spp. (significant diarrhea-causing pathogens that sicken ca. 165 million people/year, ca. 1.1 million of whom die). We have successfully isolated and rigorously characterized a large number of phages lytic for Shigella, and we have developed a murine model in which the in vivo efficacy of our phage preparation can be evaluated. During this Phase II project, we propose to perform studies required to obtain regulatory approval of ShigActive and to generate data critical for subsequent clinical trials (performance of actual clinical trials is not stipulated during this Phase II grant). During these studies, we will also perform metagenomic analyses of the gut microbiota (using DGGE and/or state-of-the-art 454-pyrosequencing of 16S rRNA genes) of mice before and after their treatment with ShigActive, in order to (i) obtain additional safety data for the FDA, and (ii) compare rigorously the effect of ShigActive and ampicillin (an antibiotic commonly used to treat shigellosis) on the intestinal microflora of mice.


Descriptors :   *BACTERIOPHAGES , *PATHOGENIC MICROORGANISMS , *SHIGELLA , ANTIBIOTICS , CLINICAL MEDICINE , CLINICAL TRIALS , DEOXYRIBONUCLEIC ACIDS , ENTERIC BACTERIA , HOSTS(BIOLOGY) , IN VIVO ANALYSIS , LYASES , MICE , MICROBIOLOGY , NUCLEOTIDES , PENICILLINS , STRAINS(BIOLOGY)


Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research
      Microbiology
      Pharmacology


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE