Accession Number : ADA627188


Title :   Understanding Marine Biocorrosion: Experiments with Artificial and Natural Seawater


Descriptive Note : Book chapter


Corporate Author : NAVAL RESEARCH LAB STENNIS DETACHMENT STENNIS SPACE CENTER MS OCEANOGRAPHY DIV


Personal Author(s) : Little, Brenda J ; Ray, Richard I ; Lee, Jason S


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a627188.pdf


Report Date : 04 Nov 2015


Pagination or Media Count : 14


Abstract : For many years there has been a debate over the preferred laboratory medium for studying marine corrosion, i.e., natural or artificial seawater (Dexter, 1988 ). It is generally recognized that seawater surrogates do not approximate the complexity of natural seawater. The dilemma is whether to start with a well-characterized controlled synthetic medium that may not replicate any natural environment or with a natural environment that cannot be thoroughly characterized, varies with collection location and changes over time. That debate has continued and has become more complicated in the study of microbiologically influenced marine corrosion (MIMC) and the consideration of nutrients for microorganisms. Recent MIMC investigations have included natural seawater with its endogenous microbial population (Lee et al ., 2004 ; Lee et al ., 2005 ; Jeffrey and Melchers, 2003), augmented natural seawater (Chang et al ., 2009 ; Dinh et al ., 2004 ), artificial seawater to which microorganisms have been added (Venzlaff et al ., 2013 ) and inoculated synthetic media (Zegeye et al.,2007). Some investigators defined synthetic seawater as a certain salt concentration, e.g., 0.6 M NaCl (Vargas-Avila et al ., 2009). However, in many cases the term synthetic seawater refers to commercially available carbonate-buffered salt solutions that mimic the composition of seawater.


Descriptors :   *MICROORGANISMS , *SEA WATER CORROSION , AEROBIC PROCESSES , BACTERIA , BUFFERS(CHEMISTRY) , CARBONATES , COASTAL REGIONS , CONCENTRATION(CHEMISTRY) , CORROSION RESISTANCE , CULTURE MEDIA , DELAWARE BAY , ELECTRON ACCEPTORS , ENVIRONMENTS , EXPERIMENTAL DATA , EXPOSURE(PHYSIOLOGY) , GROWTH(PHYSIOLOGY) , LABORATORY TESTS , MARINE BIOLOGY , NUTRIENTS , ORGANIC MATERIALS , OXYGEN , SALINE SOLUTION , SULFATES


Subject Categories : Microbiology
      Physical Chemistry


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE