Accession Number : ADA627121


Title :   Employing Abductive Reasoning to Achieve Understanding


Descriptive Note : Master's thesis


Corporate Author : ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS


Personal Author(s) : Morrow, John L


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a627121.pdf


Report Date : 12 Jun 2015


Pagination or Media Count : 113


Abstract : The future operational environment is described as volatile, uncertain, complex, and ambiguous and composed of numerous dynamic and adaptive systems whose interactions produce unanticipated and disproportionate outcomes. To fulfill the Army's roles of preventing conflict, shaping the international environment, and winning the nation's wars in this future environment, military professionals must cultivate an ability to achieve understanding. According to the Army's cognitive hierarchy model for achieving understanding, military professionals must: (1) process data to form information; (2) analyze information to create knowledge; and (3) synthesize knowledge and apply judgment to develop an understanding. Yet, according to top military leaders, Army professionals are not doing this, which has contributed to poor strategic outcomes. To address this gap, Army mid-career Professional Military Education needs to cultivate among students the habit of abductive reasoning, which requires the integration of mature theories into military work. To test the utility of abductive reasoning, the Army's cognitive hierarchy model for achieving understanding is applied to five Command and General Staff Officers' Course student groups' PowerPoint presentations of the Syrian conflict: four completed by groups which do not explicitly employ abductive reasoning and one which does. While not conclusive, the results of this study suggest that the group employing abductive reasoning achieved an understanding of the complexities of the Syrian conflict while the other four groups did not.


Descriptors :   *CONFLICT , *GROUP DYNAMICS , *MILITARY PERSONNEL , *REASONING , ADAPTIVE SYSTEMS , COGNITION , HIERARCHIES , INFORMATION PROCESSING , JUDGEMENT(PSYCHOLOGY) , KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT , MILITARY OPERATIONS , MILITARY REQUIREMENTS , MILITARY STRATEGY , PERFORMANCE(HUMAN) , PREVENTION , SKILLS , SYRIA , THESES , UNCERTAINTY


Subject Categories : Sociology and Law
      Psychology
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE