Accession Number : ADA624860


Title :   Trends in Nanosecond Melanosome Microcavitation Up to 1540 Nanometers


Descriptive Note : Journal article


Corporate Author : ENGILITY CORP SAN ANTONIO TX


Personal Author(s) : Schmidt, Morgan S ; Kennedy, Paul K ; Noojin, Gary D ; Vincelette, Rebecca L ; Thomas, Robert J ; Rockwell, Benjamin A


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a624860.pdf


Report Date : Sep 2015


Pagination or Media Count : 8


Abstract : Thresholds for microcavitation of bovine and porcine melanosomes were previously reported, using single nanosecond (ns) laser pulses in the visible (532 nm) and the near-infrared (NIR) from 1000 to 1319 nm. Here, we report average radiant exposure thresholds for bovine melanosome microcavitation at additional NIR wavelengths up to 1540 nm, which range from approximately 0.159 J/cm2 at 800 nm to 4.5 J/cm2 at 1540 nm. Melanosome absorption coefficients were also estimated, and decreased with increasing wavelength. These values were compared to retinal pigment epithelium coefficients, and to water absorption, over the same avelength range. Corneal total intraocular energy retinal damage threshold values were estimated and compared to the previous (2007) and recently changed (2014) maximum permissible exposure (MPE) safe levels. Results provide additional data that support the recent changes to the MPE levels, as well as the first microcavitation data at 1540 nm, a wavelength for which melanosome microcavitation may be an ns-pulse skin damage mechanism.


Descriptors :   *LASERS , *NEAR INFRARED RADIATION , *RETINA , ABSORPTION , ABSORPTION COEFFICIENTS , BOVINES , COEFFICIENTS , CORNEA , EPITHELIUM , ESTIMATES , EXPOSURE(GENERAL) , FREQUENCY , PATTERNS , PIGMENTS , RADIATION , REPRINTS , SAFETY , VALUE , VISIBILITY


Subject Categories : Lasers and Masers
      Optics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE