Accession Number : ADA624859


Title :   Durability and Performance of Polystyrene-b-Poly(vinylbenzyl trimethylammonium) Diblock Copolymer and Equivalent Blend Anion Exchange Membranes


Descriptive Note : Journal article


Corporate Author : COLORADO SCHOOL OF MINES GOLDEN


Personal Author(s) : Vandiver, Melissa A ; Caire, Benjamin R ; Poskin, Zach ; Li, Yifan ; Seifert, Sonke ; Knauss, Daniel M ; Herring, Andrew M ; Liberatore, Matthew W


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a624859.pdf


Report Date : Jan 2015


Pagination or Media Count : 12


Abstract : Anion exchange membranes (AEM) are solid polymer electrolytes that facilitate ion transport in fuel cells. In this study, a polystyrene-b-poly(vinylbenzyl trimethylammonium) diblock copolymer was evaluated as potential AEM and compared with the equivalent homopolymer blend. The diblock had a 92% conversion of reactive sites with an IEC of 1.72 + or - 0.05 mmol g-1, while the blend had a 43% conversion for an IEC of 0.80 + or - 0.03 mmol g-1. At 50oC and 95% relative humidity, the chloride conductivity of the diblock was higher, 24-33 mS cm-1, compared with the blend, 1-6 mS cm-1. The diblock displayed phase separation on the length scale of 100 nm, while the blend displayed microphase separation (approximately 10 micrometers). Mechanical characterization of films from 40 to 90 microns thick found that elasticity and elongation decreased with the addition of cations to the films. At humidified conditions, water acted as a plasticizer to increase film elasticity and elongation. While the polystyrene-based diblock displayed sufficient ionic conductivity, the films' mechanical properties require improvement, i.e., greater elasticity and strength, before use in fuel cells.


Descriptors :   *ION EXCHANGE , *POLYMER ELECTROLYTE FUEL CELLS , BLOCK COPOLYMERS , CONDUCTIVITY , DEGRADATION , ELASTIC PROPERTIES , ELECTROCHEMISTRY , ELONGATION , EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN , GLASS , IONIC STRENGTH , MECHANICAL PROPERTIES , MEMBRANES , MORPHOLOGY , OXIDATION , SOLID ELECTROLYTES , SUBSTRATES , THIN FILMS , X RAY SCATTERING


Subject Categories : Polymer Chemistry
      Electrochemical Energy Storage


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE