Accession Number : ADA624507


Title :   Obesity Exposure Across the Lifespan on Ovarian Cancer Pathogenesis


Descriptive Note : Final rept. 1 Jun 2013-31 May 2015


Corporate Author : NORTH CAROLINA UNIV AT CHAPEL HILL


Personal Author(s) : Bae-Jump, Victoria


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a624507.pdf


Report Date : Aug 2015


Pagination or Media Count : 19


Abstract : Obesity is associated with increased risk and worse outcomes for ovarian cancer (OC). We theorize that the metabolic effects of obesity may play a contributing role in the pathogenesis of OC and lead to biologically different cancers than those that arise in normal weight women. We also posit that the timing and length of the obesity exposure may be critical in the development of obesity-driven OCs. We have demonstrated that adulthood exposure to obesity can promote tumor progression, as evidenced by a tripling in tumor size, in the KpB mouse model of serous OC. The ovarian tumors that arose in the obese mice were genomically and metabolically different from those that arose in lean mice. To expand on this work, we assessed in utero, adolescent and adulthood exposure to obesity as well as cross-over between these timeframes in the KpB mice. Obesity during adolescence and adulthood had a greater influence on tumor aggressiveness, as measured by increasing tumor size, than in utero exposure to obesity alone. Using The Cancer Genome Atlas database, we compared the gene expression between OCs from normal weight versus overweight/obese women. Metabolically relevant alterations in gene expression were found in relationship to BMI among serous OCs.


Descriptors :   *GENE EXPRESSION , *OBESITY , *OVARIAN CANCER , *PATHOGENESIS , GENOME , MICE , NEOPLASMS


Subject Categories : Genetic Engineering and Molecular Biology
      Anatomy and Physiology
      Medicine and Medical Research


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE