Accession Number : ADA623947


Title :   United States Federal Guidance on Witness Protection in Human Trafficking


Descriptive Note : Master's thesis


Corporate Author : ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS


Personal Author(s) : Trznadel, Daniel J


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a623947.pdf


Report Date : 12 Jun 2015


Pagination or Media Count : 95


Abstract : The United States needs overarching federal guidance on witness protection for human trafficking victims/witnesses in order to enhance their safety and participation in prosecuting their traffickers. The international response predicates itself on a victim-centered approach that works along four distinct efforts to combat the problem: Prevention; Protection; Prosecution; and Partnership. Protection of victims is essential for all victims regardless of their cooperation in anti-trafficking efforts, namely trafficker prosecution. Protection comes in two forms, access to social services and physical protection from human traffickers. A prosecutor's ability to secure vital testimony at trial -- increasing the likelihood of conviction -- was interrelated to the victim witness receiving protection. Federal guidelines for other components of the fight against trafficking, such as the provision of social services, mirror international advice and practices and are clearly outlined, allowing state and local governments to formulate effective policies in providing support to victims of trafficking. As a result, state and local governments vary in their approach to the physical protection of human trafficking victim witnesses. The thesis argues that victim witness cooperation is improved when victims receive aid and protection and that offering even minimal physical protection increases the likelihood of witness cooperation.


Descriptors :   *HUMAN TRAFFICKING , *PROTECTION , *SOCIAL WELFARE , ACCESS , CASUALTIES , GUIDANCE , INTERACTIONS , INTERNATIONAL , LOCAL GOVERNMENT , POLICIES , PREVENTION , RESPONSE , SAFETY , THESES , UNITED STATES , UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT , WARFARE


Subject Categories : Sociology and Law


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE