Accession Number : ADA622430


Title :   Modeling Turbulence Generation in the Atmospheric Surface and Boundary Layers


Descriptive Note : Final rept. May 2013-Oct 2014


Corporate Author : ARMY RESEARCH LAB WHITE SANDS MISSILE RANGE NM COMPUTATIONAL AND INFORMATION SCIENCES DIRECTORATE


Personal Author(s) : Tofsted, David H


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a622430.pdf


Report Date : Oct 2015


Pagination or Media Count : 210


Abstract : Optical turbulence effects in the earth's atmosphere are greatest on systems operating in the surface-layer atmosphere. To estimate the performance of systems operating in such environments, direct measurement of current local conditions is always possible, but a common approach used for planning purposes involves estimating the distribution of optical turbulence strength for a given locale through the connections provided by flux-profile relations (Monin-Obukhov similarity theory) between the sensible heat flux generated in the surface-layer atmosphere and the refractive index structure parameter. This report examines various alternative methods for handling various energy-budget components especially important for nocturnal energy-budget calculations. Fluxes considered include radiative and ground flux components, solar direct and diffuse radiation, foliage-cover effects, and a detailed discussion of gravity-wave influences. The discussion and conclusions sections highlight options for extending the model to fluctuating inputs either based on measured data or through use of statistical fluctuations, as well as testing recommendations for a program of model validation.


Descriptors :   *TURBULENCE , BOUNDARY LAYER , EARTH ATMOSPHERE , HEAT FLUX , OPTICAL PROPERTIES , RADIATION , REFRACTIVE INDEX


Subject Categories : Fluid Mechanics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE