Accession Number : ADA621847
Title : The Contribution of Tidal Fluvial Habitats in the Columbia River Estuary to the Recovery of Diverse Salmon ESUs
Descriptive Note : Research rept.
Corporate Author : NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION SEATTLE WA NORTHWEST FISHERIES SCIENCE CENTER
Personal Author(s) : Roegner, Curtis ; Bottom, Daniel ; Baptista, Antonio ; Campbell, Lance ; Claiborne, Andrew ; Fresh, Kurt ; Hinton, Susan ; McNatt, Regan ; Simenstad, Charles ; Teel, David ; Zabel, Rich
Report Date : May 2013
Pagination or Media Count : 53
Abstract : The 2008 Biological Opinion on Operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System established estuary restoration goals for ten-year survival improvements of 9% for ocean-type and 6% for stream-type ESUs. To support these goals, a qualitative assessment process (Columbia River Estuary Recovery Plan Module) was devised to identify limiting factors and to prioritize estuary restoration actions based on their presumed survival benefits. The method ranks the potential benefits of various restoration projects based on published results and professional judgments about their relative effectiveness. Empirical estimates of survival benefits are unavailable, however, and the actual contributions of single or cumulative estuary actions to the survival goals in the Biological Opinion are unknown. Today scores of wetland restoration projects have been undertaken in the estuary as a method to recover at-risk salmon populations throughout the Columbia River basin, based in part on the latest information about the estuary s role as a productive nursery ground for juvenile salmon (Bottom et al. 2005; 2008; 2011; Roegner et al. 2008; 2010; 2012; Johnson et al. 2011). Recent genetic data collected in the estuary have shown evidence of important stock-specific differences in estuarine habitat use (Bottom et al. 2008; Teel et al. 2009) that have not been considered in the selection or design of restoration projects. Moreover, the population response to estuary restoration remains poorly understood because Research, Monitoring, and Evaluation (RME) programs have focused exclusively on the performance of estuarine-rearing juveniles rather than their ultimate contribution to adult returns.
Descriptors : *COLUMBIA RIVER , *FISHES , *HABITATS , CLIMATE CHANGE , ESTIMATES , ESTUARIES , GENETICS , MONITORING , RECOVERY , SAMPLING , SENSITIVITY , STATISTICAL DATA , SURVIVAL(GENERAL) , TIDES , TRACKING
Subject Categories : Biology
Hydrology, Limnology and Potamology
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE