Accession Number : ADA621266


Title :   Evaluation of Novel Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Derived Lipid Mediators of Inflammation to Ameliorate the Deleterious Effects of Blast Over Pressure on Eye and Brain Visual Processing Centers in Rats


Descriptive Note : Final rept. 20 Sep 2012- 19 May 2015


Corporate Author : GENEVA FOUNDATION TACOMA WA


Personal Author(s) : DeMar, James


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a621266.pdf


Report Date : Aug 2015


Pagination or Media Count : 50


Abstract : Blast injury has emerged as arguably the greatest threat to warfighters in current theaters of operation, and is a leading cause of vision loss in military personnel due to non-penetrating traumatic injuries to the eyes and brain visual centers, likely caused by blast shock waves. In light of the difficult lifelong disability that permanent loss of vision represents, we propose there is an urgent need for new drug therapies that can arrest progression of neuronal cell death in the eye (retina) and brain, as result of exposure to blast waves. Our hypothesis is that novel omega-6 and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid derived lipid mediators of inflammation, i.e., lipoxins, neuroprotectins, and resolvins, will aid as drugs in healing of neurons critical to visual function after blast wave induced eye and brain injuries. Using an adult rat model of blast wave exposure, during the first phase of the study, we rigorously characterized the cellular and functional damage to the eyes (retinas) and brain visual centers, by electroretinography (ERG), visual discrimination behavioral testing, and histopathology.


Descriptors :   *BRAIN , *EYE , BLAST , CELLS(BIOLOGY) , FATTY ACIDS , INFLAMMATION , LIPIDS , OVERPRESSURE , VISION


Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE