Accession Number : ADA621005


Title :   Launching Latin America: International and Domestic Factors in National Space Programs


Descriptive Note : Master's thesis


Corporate Author : NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA


Personal Author(s) : Garvin, Matthew B


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a621005.pdf


Report Date : Dec 2014


Pagination or Media Count : 155


Abstract : This thesis seeks to understand the internal motivations driving some Latin American countries to pursue space programs, how these programs interact at the regional level, and how countries with more developed space capabilities influence these efforts. This thesis also provides insight on the following questions: What obstacles have impeded the development of Latin American space capabilities thus far, and what are the prospects for future regional and international cooperation? This thesis finds that domestic politics matter most when determining the regional and international orientation of these space programs. Domestically, the desire to develop economically is the fundamental driver. While the era of military rule encouraged geopolitical competition among some of these programs, this faded after the return to democracy. Space now competes poorly with other social and developmental priorities due to a lack of electoral incentives for politicians. International collaboration is restricted by nuclear and missile nonproliferation regimes. U.S. export control regulations limit the scope of potential projects that might have otherwise been accommodated by domestic politics, driving Latin American space programs to seek other international partners. The thesis concludes with recommendations for increasing U.S. engagement with these programs.


Descriptors :   *GEOPOLITICS , *LATIN AMERICA , *SPACE MISSIONS , *SPACE TECHNOLOGY , ARTIFICIAL SATELLITES , BARRIERS , BOLIVIA , BRAZIL , CHILE , CHINA , COLOMBIA , COOPERATION , EARTH ORBITS , ECUADOR , GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN) , INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS , LAUNCH VEHICLES , MEXICO , MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN) , MILITARY GOVERNMENT , PERU , POLICIES , POLITICAL SCIENCE , REGULATIONS , RUSSIA , THESES , UNITED NATIONS , URUGUAY


Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Sociology and Law
      Unmanned Spacecraft


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE