Accession Number : ADA620626


Title :   A Communications Strategy for Disaster Relief


Descriptive Note : Master's thesis


Corporate Author : NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA


Personal Author(s) : Folsom, Eric M


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a620626.pdf


Report Date : Mar 2015


Pagination or Media Count : 155


Abstract : The problem with current international disaster relief is ineffective communication, coordination, cooperation, and collaboration (4C). Ineffective international 4C allows chaos and anarchy to significantly hinder disaster-relief efforts. After action reports (AARs) and disaster relief (DR) materials were examined to identify systemlevel issues during DR missions. These issues were examined to determine if DR exhibits characteristics of a wicked problem. The results of systems-thinking analysis show that anarchy, social complexity, and stress within the DR system have a negative impact on all components of the system. To improve the effectiveness of DR missions and help mission teams to present a unified front for DR, anarchy, social complexity, and stress must be reduced. This work proposes a communication strategy for DR missions that harnesses capabilities of information communication and technology (ICT) solutions, introduces a cloud-based hierarchical trust model, and outlines a common integration interface. The strategy encourages open and transparent 4C between DR mission teams and the international DR community. Properly implemented, this communication strategy could reduce system-level anarchy and social complexity, resulting in reduced post-disaster damage, injuries, and loss of life.


Descriptors :   *COLLABORATIVE TECHNIQUES , *HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE , *NATURAL DISASTERS , CIVILIAN POPULATION , CLOUD COMPUTING , COMPUTER APPLICATIONS , COOPERATION , CRISIS MANAGEMENT , DISASTERS , EARTHQUAKES , INFORMATION EXCHANGE , INTEGRATION , INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS , INTERNET , MAN COMPUTER INTERFACE , MILITARY ASSISTANCE , MOBILE COMPUTING , RESPONSE , SCENARIOS , SECURITY , THESES , TYPHOONS , WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS , WOUNDS AND INJURIES


Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Computer Programming and Software
      Human Factors Engineering & Man Machine System


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE