Accession Number : ADA620556


Title :   High-Tech, Low-Tech, No-Tech: Communications Strategies During Blackouts


Descriptive Note : Master's thesis


Corporate Author : NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA


Personal Author(s) : Solymossy, Diana S


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a620556.pdf


Report Date : Dec 2013


Pagination or Media Count : 141


Abstract : How do emergency managers communicate vital life-safety information when disaster strikes and the power goes out, sometimes for extended periods? Time and again, our power grid, aging and stretched beyond its intended capacity, has experienced failures. Power outages can quickly shift from being annoying to deadly especially when temperatures are extreme particularly for elderly and other vulnerable populations. Emergency managers will be able to use the findings of this research to communicate critical information to the community, even in the direst circumstances, without relying on a techno-fix. A structured focused comparison of three disasters revealed that a high-tech, low-tech, no-tech framework can be implemented successfully and inexpensively. Throughout the three disasters studied, communications methods in the high-tech, low-tech, and no-tech areas were successful in communicating with the public. The thesis recommends that every community be prepared with this three-pronged approach. To go a step further, the study recommends that FEMA consider incorporating the high-low-no-tech approach into its COOP (Continuity of Operations Plan) template, which currently assumes that communications systems phones, Internet, email, two-way radios will be operational within 12 hours of activation, an optimistic assumption. A sample implementation plan with cost estimates is included.


Descriptors :   *COMMUNICATION AND RADIO SYSTEMS , *CRISIS MANAGEMENT , *ELECTRIC POWER , *EMERGENCIES , *GRIDS , COMMUNITIES , DISASTERS , MANAGEMENT PERSONNEL , METHODOLOGY , POPULATION , RADIO TRANSMISSION , STRATEGY , TEMPLATES , THESES , TWO WAY TRANSMISSION , VULNERABILITY


Subject Categories : Administration and Management
      Electric Power Production and Distribution
      Safety Engineering


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE