Accession Number : ADA619355


Title :   Hearing Loss Associated with US Military Combat Deployment


Descriptive Note : Journal article


Corporate Author : NAVAL HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER SAN DIEGO CA


Personal Author(s) : Wells, Timothy S ; Seelig, Amber D ; Ryan, Margaret A ; Jones, Jason M ; Hooper, Tomoko I ; Jacobson, Isabel G ; Boyko, Edward J


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a619355.pdf


Report Date : Feb 2015


Pagination or Media Count : 12


Abstract : To define the risk of hearing loss among military members in relation to their deployment experiences, data were drawn from the Millennium Cohort Study. Self-reported data and objective military service data were used to assess exposures and outcomes. Among all 48,540 participants, 7.5% self-reported new-onset hearing loss. Self-reported hearing loss showed moderate to substantial agreement (k = 0.57-0.69) with objective audiometric measures. New-onset hearing loss was associated with combat deployment (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 1.63, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.49-1.77). Among deployers, new-onset hearing loss was also associated with proximity to improvised explosive devices (AOR = 2.10, 95% CI = 1.62-2.73), and with experiencing a combat-related head injury (AOR = 6.88, 95% CI = 3.77-12.54). These findings have implications for health care and disability planning, as well as for prevention programs.


Descriptors :   *AUDITORY DEFECTS , *DEMOGRAPHY , *DEPLOYMENT , *MILITARY PERSONNEL , AUDIOMETRY , AUDITORY PERCEPTION , EAR PROTECTORS , EXPLOSIVE CHARGES , EXPOSURE(PHYSIOLOGY) , HEARING , MEDICAL SERVICES , MENTAL HEALTH , MONITORING , PHYSICAL DISABILITIES , PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS , PREVENTION , PREVENTIVE MEDICINE , RISK , STATISTICAL ANALYSIS , THRESHOLDS(PHYSIOLOGY) , TRAUMA , WARFARE , WOUNDS AND INJURIES


Subject Categories : Anatomy and Physiology
      Medicine and Medical Research
      Weapons Effects(biological)
      Military Forces and Organizations


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE