Accession Number : ADA618958


Title :   A PEGylated Fibrin-Based Wound Dressing with Antimicrobial and Angiogenic Activity


Descriptive Note : Journal article


Corporate Author : ARMY INST OF SURGICAL RESEARCH FORT SAM HOUSTON TX


Personal Author(s) : Seetharaman, Shanmuganathan ; Natesan, Shanmugasundaram ; Stowers, Ryan S ; Mullens, Conor ; Baer, David G ; Suggs, Laura J ; Christy, Robert J


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a618958.pdf


Report Date : 13 Apr 2011


Pagination or Media Count : 11


Abstract : Wounds sustained under battlefield conditions are considered to be contaminated and their initial treatment should focus on decreasing this contamination and thus reducing the possibility of infection. The early and aggressive administration of antimicrobial treatment starting with intervention on the battlefield has resulted in improved patient outcomes and is considered the standard of care. Chitosan microspheres (CSM) loaded with silver sulfadiazine (SSD) were developed via a novel water-in-oil emulsion technique to address this problem. The SSD-loaded spheres were porous with needle-like structures (attributed to SSD) that were evenly distributed over the spheres. The average particle size of the SSD CSM was 125 180 micro m with 76.50 2.8% drug entrapment. As a potential new wound dressing with angiogenic activity SSD CSM particles were impregnated in polyethylene glycol (PEGylated) fibrin gels. In vitro drug release studies showed that a burst release of 27.02% in 6 h was achieved, with controlled release for 72 h, with an equilibrium concentration of 27.7% (70 micro g). SSD CSM PEGylated fibrin gels were able to exhibit microbicidal activity at 125 and 100 micro gml -1 against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, respectively. The in vitro vasculogenic activity of this composite dressing was shown by seeding adipose-derived stem cells (ASC) in SSD CSM PEGylated fibrin gels. The ASC spontaneously formed microvascular tube-like structures without the addition of any exogenous factors. This provides a method for the extended release of an antimicrobial drug in a matrix that may provide an excellent cellular environment for revascularization of infected wounds.


Descriptors :   *DRESSINGS , *FIBRIN , ANGIOGENESIS , ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS , DRUGS , PARTICLE SIZE , POLYETHYLENE , SILVER , STEM CELLS , SULFADIAZINE , WOUNDS AND INJURIES


Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research
      Medical Facilities, Equipment and Supplies
      Pharmacology


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE