Accession Number : ADA618538


Title :   Challenges to Improving Combat Casualty Survivability on the Battlefield


Descriptive Note : Journal article


Corporate Author : NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV FORT MCNAIR DC


Personal Author(s) : Mabry, Robert L


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a618538.pdf


Report Date : Jan 2015


Pagination or Media Count : 8


Abstract : The United States has achieved unprecedented survival rates (as high as 98 percent) for casualties arriving alive to a combat hospital. 1 Official briefings, informal communications, and even television documentaries such as CNN Presents Combat Hospital highlight the remarkable surgical care taking place overseas. Military physicians, medics, corpsmen, and other providers of battlefield medical care are rightly proud of this achievement. Commanders and their troops can be confident that once a wounded Service - member reaches the combat hospital, his or her care will be the best in the world. Combat casualty care, however, does not begin at the hospital. It begins in the field at the point of injury and continues through evacuation to the combat hospital or forward surgery. This prehospital phase of care is the first link in the chain of survival for those injured in combat and represents the next frontier for making significant improvements in battlefield trauma care. Even with superb in-hospital care, recent evidence suggests that up to 25 percent of deaths on the battlefield are potentially preventable. The vast majority of these deaths happen in the prehospital setting. The indisputable conclusion is that any meaningful future improvement in combat casualty outcomes depends on closing the gap in prehospital survival. Improving pre - hospital combat casualty care, however, may be significantly more challenging than improving hospital-based casualty care because of significant structural challenges facing the military medical establishment. I describe five key challenges and a plan to overcome them.


Descriptors :   *HOSPITALS , *MILITARY MEDICINE , *MILITARY PERSONNEL , *TRAINING , BATTLEFIELDS , CASUALTIES , COMBAT AREAS , COMBAT EFFECTIVENESS , MEDICAL EVACUATION , MEDICAL PERSONNEL , MEDICAL SERVICES , MORTALITY RATE , PATIENTS , STATISTICAL ANALYSIS , SURVIVABILITY , TRAUMA , WARFARE , WOUNDS AND INJURIES


Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research
      Military Forces and Organizations
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE