Accession Number : ADA618139


Title :   Novel Catalyst for the Chirality Selective Synthesis of Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes


Descriptive Note : Final rept. 3 Apr 2013-2 Apr 2015


Corporate Author : NANYANG TECHNOLOGICAL UNIV (SINGAPORE)


Personal Author(s) : Chen, Yuan


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a618139.pdf


Report Date : 12 May 2015


Pagination or Media Count : 14


Abstract : Chiral single walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) are known to possess unique electronic and optical properties. Common synthesis methods yield mixtures of SWCNTs thus making structure-property diversity a major hurdle in their use in applications. The aim of this project was to develop fundamental understanding of catalyst selectivity to achieve improved and tunable chirality control in SWCNT synthesis. A model catalyst based on CoSO4/SiO2 was developed that showed good selectivity to (9,8) nanotubes. Remote plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition was used to manipulate carbon radical generation in carbon precursors during synthesis. Water s influence on SWCNT diameter and yield was revealed for water-assisted ethanol pyrolysis,. Introducing sulfur-containing compounds into carbon precursors efficiently altered chiral selectivity toward different chiral SWCNTs. Selectivity could be tuned by varying calcination conditions, which affected the structure of sulfur near metal catalyst particles. Selective extraction of chiral SWCNT mixtures using fluorine-based polymers or aqueous two-phase separation was found to enrich the concentration of semiconducting (9,8) nanotubes. A scalable continuous method to produce carbon microfibres with hierarchical structures comprising nitrogen-doped reduced GO (rGO) and acidoxidized SWCNTs was produced using a linear hydrothermal microreactor. Fiber micro-supercapacitors based on these hybrid fibers show great potential for wearable electronics applications.


Descriptors :   *CARBON NANOTUBES , *CATALYSTS , *SYNTHESIS(CHEMISTRY) , ADDITIVES , CALCINATION , CARBON , CATALYSIS , CHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION , EXTRACTION , POLYMERS , PYROLYSIS , SEPARATION , SULFUR , TUNING


Subject Categories : Physical Chemistry
      Refractory Fibers


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE