Accession Number : ADA616544


Title :   Platelet-derived Growth-factor-releasing Aligned Collagen-nanoparticle Fibers Promote the Proliferation and Tenogenic Differentiation of Adipose-derived Stem Cells


Descriptive Note : Journal article


Corporate Author : ARMY INST OF SURGICAL RESEARCH FORT SAM HOUSTON TX


Personal Author(s) : Cheng, XingGuo ; Tsao, Christopher ; Sylvia, Victor L ; Cornet, Douglas ; Nicolella, Daniel P ; Bredbenner, Todd L ; Christy, Robert J


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a616544.pdf


Report Date : 27 Nov 2013


Pagination or Media Count : 11


Abstract : In order to enhance the healing potential of an injured tendon, we have prepared a novel biomimetic aligned collagen nanoparticle (NP) composite fiber using an electrochemical process. The aligned collagen NP composite fiber is designed to affect the cellular activity of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) through two different ways: (i) topographic cues from the alignment of collagen fibril and (ii) controlled release of platelet-derived growth factors (PDGFs) from the NPs. PDGF released from collagen NP fibers significantly enhanced the proliferation of ADSCs when tested for up to 7 days. Moreover, compared to random collagen fibers with PDGFs, aligned collagen NP fibers significantly promoted the desirable tenogenic differentiation of ADSCs, as evidenced by an increased level of tendon markers such as tenomodulin and scleraxis. On the other hand, no undesirable osteogenic differentiation, as measured by the unchanged level of alkaline phosphatase and osteocalcin, was observed. Together, these results indicate that the aligned collagen NP composite fiber induced the tenogenic differentiation of ADSCs through both a topographic cue (aligned collagen fibril) and a chemical cue (PDGF released from NPs). Thus, our novel aligned collagen NP composite fiber has a significant potential to be used for tendon tissue engineering and regeneration.


Descriptors :   *COLLAGEN , *ELECTROCHEMISTRY , *NANOPARTICLES , *STEM CELLS , BIOMECHANICS , BLOOD PLATELETS , CULTURES(BIOLOGY) , FIBERS , MORPHOLOGY , PHOSPHATASES , SYNTHESIS(CHEMISTRY) , TENDONS


Subject Categories : Biochemistry
      Anatomy and Physiology
      Physical Chemistry
      Miscellaneous Materials


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE