Accession Number : ADA612863


Title :   Neural Basis of Empathy and Its Dysfunction in Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)


Descriptive Note : Final rept. 1 Aug 2011-31 Jul 2014


Corporate Author : DUKE UNIV DURHAM NC


Personal Author(s) : Platt, Michael L


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a612863.pdf


Report Date : Oct 2014


Pagination or Media Count : 48


Abstract : The project aimed to identify the neural basis of social behaviors in rhesus macaques, and characterize the role of a set of brain areas in the prefrontal cortex as well as the role of oxytocin (OT) in social behaviors. We have developed an animal model of social interactions and studied the role of specific brain areas in social behavior. We found that the anterior cingulate gyrus (ACCg) is important for signaling reward experience of others and is involved in social learning when monkeys observe outcomes occurring to others, and that the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) is involved only in self directed rewards. In unconstrained social interactions, we found that OT inhalation affects a vast array of behaviors, both in the monkey having inhaled OT and the other monkeys he is interacting with.


Descriptors :   *BEHAVIOR , *BRAIN , *NEUROSCIENCE , *SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY , DECISION MAKING , INTERACTIONS , MONKEYS , NERVE CELLS , PITUITARY HORMONES


Subject Categories : Psychology
      Anatomy and Physiology
      Medicine and Medical Research


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE