Accession Number : ADA612611


Title :   Optimizing Internal Wave Drag in a Forward Barotropic Model with Semidiurnal Tides


Descriptive Note : Journal article


Corporate Author : NAVAL RESEARCH LAB STENNIS DETACHMENT STENNIS SPACE CENTER MS OCEANOGRAPHY DIV


Personal Author(s) : Buijsman, Maarten C ; Arbic, Brian K ; Green, J A ; Helber, Robert W ; Richman, James G ; Shriver, Jay F ; Timko, P G ; Wallcraft, Alan J


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a612611.pdf


Report Date : 23 Jan 2015


Pagination or Media Count : 16


Abstract : A global tuning experiment for the semidiurnal tide is performed with a barotropic model. The model is forced with the M2 equilibrium tide and accounts for the self-attraction and loading (SAL) term. In addition to a quadratic drag, various linear internal wave drag terms adjusted by a scale factor of O(1) are applied. The drag terms include the original Nycander (2005) tensor scheme, the Nycander tensor scheme reduced at supercritical slopes, and their scalar sisters, a Nycander scalar scheme computed for additional abyssal hill roughness, and the Jayne and St. Laurent (2001) scalar scheme. The Nycander scheme does not have a tunable parameter, but to obtain the best tidal solutions, it is demonstrated that some tuning is unavoidable. It is shown that the scalar Nycander schemes yield slightly lower root-mean square (RMS) elevation errors vs. the data-assimilative TPXO tide model than the tensor schemes. Although the simulation with the optimally tuned original Nycander scalar yields dissipation rates close to TPXO, the RMS error is among the highest. The RMS error is lowered for the reduced schemes, which place relatively more dissipation in deeper water. The inclusion of abyssal hill roughness improves the regional agreement with TPXO dissipation rates, without changing the RMS errors. It is difficult to have each ocean basin optimally tuned with the application of a constant scale factor. The relatively high RMS error in the Atlantic Ocean is reduced with a spatially varying scale factor with a larger value in the Atlantic. Our best global mean RMS error of 4.4 cm for areas deeper than 1000 m and equatorward of 66 is among the lowest obtained in a forward barotropic tide model.


Descriptors :   *DRAG , *INTERNAL WAVES , *OCEAN TIDES , DIURNAL VARIATIONS , MODELS


Subject Categories : Physical and Dynamic Oceanography


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE