Accession Number : ADA611701


Title :   The Effect of Fuel Injector Nozzle Configuration on JP-8 Sprays at Diesel Engine Conditions


Descriptive Note : Conference paper


Corporate Author : ARMY RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD


Personal Author(s) : Kurman, Matthew ; Bravo, Luis ; Kweon, Chol-Bum ; Tess, Michael


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a611701.pdf


Report Date : Oct 2014


Pagination or Media Count : 20


Abstract : The effect of injector nozzle configuration on liquid and vapor penetration lengths of JP-8 sprays was investigated. Non-reacting spray experiments were conducted in a high temperature (900 K), high pressure (60 bar) flow-through chamber which simulates realistic conditions found in compression-ignition engines. Three different Bosch CRIN3 fuel injectors consisting of a 1-hole axial, a 2-hole adjacent (spaced 60 ), and a 6-hole (spaced 60 ) nozzle configuration were used for the study. Prior to conducting the spray studies, each fuel injector was mapped with an injection analyzer to ensure consistent fuel delivery between injectors. For the experiments, fuel rail pressure was maintained at 1000 bar at two different fuel injection durations consisting of 0.45 ms and 0.7 ms, representing low and high loads. High-speed Mie and schlieren images were acquired and processed using LaVision software for the three different nozzle configurations. Furthermore, high-speed axial Mie scattering images were acquired for the 2 and 6-hole injectors. Results show that the 1-hole and 6-hole injectors have a quasi-steady liquid penetration length of 20 mm and for the 2-hole injector the liquid length was 15 mm. Results from the injector mapping revealed that fuel mass does not scale linearly with the increase in the number of orifices. The liquid penetration rate was similar for the 1 and 2-hole injectors, however, slower for the 6-hole injector. Plume to plume liquid length variations were present for both the 2 and 6-hole injectors. However, the 6-hole presented more variations than the other injectors tested. In addition, a 3D CFD study was conducted to compare modeling to experimental results. Fuel spray studies investigating liquid and vapor penetrations lengths can be useful to increase atomization and vaporization, thus ultimately improving combustion and fuel efficiency.


Descriptors :   *DIESEL ENGINES , *FUEL INJECTORS , *FUEL NOZZLES , *JET ENGINE FUELS , *SPRAYS , ATOMIZATION , COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS , COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY , EFFICIENCY , HIGH PRESSURE , HIGH TEMPERATURE , MIE SCATTERING , PENETRATION , SCHLIEREN PHOTOGRAPHY , SYMPOSIA , VAPORIZATION


Subject Categories : Pumps, Filters, Pipes, Tubing, Fittings & Vlvs
      Fuels
      Reciprocating and Rotating Engines


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE