Accession Number : ADA611460


Title :   Optimism Predicts Positive Health in Repatriated Prisoners of War


Corporate Author : NAVY MEDICINE OPERATIONAL TRAINING CENTER PENSACOLA FL


Personal Author(s) : Segovia, Francine ; Moore, Jeffrey L ; Linnvillle, Steven E ; Hoyt, Robert E


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a611460.pdf


Report Date : 08 Sep 2014


Pagination or Media Count : 10


Abstract : Positive health, defined as a state beyond the mere absence of disease, was used as a model to examine factors for enhancing health despite extreme trauma. The study examined the United States' longest detained American prisoners of war, those held in Vietnam in the 1960s through early 1970s. Positive health was measured using a physical and a psychological composite score for each individual, based on 9 physical and 9 psychological variables. Physical and psychological health was correlated with optimism obtained postrepatriation (circa 1973). Linear regressions were employed to determine which variables contributed most to health ratings. Optimism was the strongest predictor of physical health, followed by fewer sleep complaints. This model accounted for 25% of the variance. Optimism was also the strongest predictor of psychological health, followed by Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-Psychopathic Deviate (MPI-PD; McKinley & Hathaway, 1944) scores. This model strongly suggests that optimism is a significant predictor of positive physical and psychological health, and optimism also provides long-term protective benefits. These findings and the utility of this model suggest a promising area for future research and intervention.


Descriptors :   *MENTAL HEALTH , *POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER , *PRISONERS OF WAR , *PSYCHOLOGY , *TRAUMA , DISEASES , HEALTH , INTERVENTION , MILITARY PERSONNEL , MODELS , OPTIMIZATION , PERSONALITY , PHYSICAL PROPERTIES , PREDICTIONS , RATINGS , REPRINTS , RESILIENCE , SLEEP , UNITED STATES , VARIABLES , VIETNAM


Subject Categories : Psychology
      Medicine and Medical Research


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE