Accession Number : ADA611098


Title :   Levels of the Novel Glycoprotein Lacritin in Human Tears After Laser Refractive Surgery


Descriptive Note : Annual rept. 28 Sep 2012-27 Sep 2013


Corporate Author : HENRY M JACKSON FOUNDATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF MILITARY MEDICINE BETHESDA MD


Personal Author(s) : Bower, Kraig S ; Ryan, Denise S


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a611098.pdf


Report Date : Oct 2013


Pagination or Media Count : 113


Abstract : Lacritin is a naturally occurring tear protein with antimicrobial activity that is capable of stimulating mitogenesis in human corneal epithelial cells and promoting production of tears in lacrimal gland acinar cells. Heparanase (HPSE) acts as a regulator for lacritin by cleaving heparan sulfate chains and allowing lacritin to bind. We aim to measure both tear lacritin and HPSE pre- and post-operatively to elucidate lacritin and HPSE s response in patients undergoing PRK (photorefractive keratectomy) and LASIK (Laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis) with the possibility of the development of recombinant lacritin as a novel therapeutic agent for wound healing. Up to 196 patients eligible to undergo PRK or LASIK at the Warfighter Refractive Surgery and Research Center at Fort Belvoir will be consecutively recruited: 98 PRK (49male;49female) and 98 LASIK (49male;49 female). Tears will be collected using a safe and established method at the pre-operative visit and at 1 day, 1 week, 1, 3 and 6 months post-operatively to quantify tear lacritin and HPSE. Study design will allow for within subject comparison of lacritin and HPSE before and after surgery as well as comparison of responses between procedures (PRK vs. LASIK). The primary outcome measure is tear lacritin levels pre- and post-surgery. The secondary outcome is tear HPSE levels pre-and post-surgery. Preliminary data in PRK participants shows there is a significant difference in lacritin levels within in the early postoperative period and between surgical procedures. It is unknown whether such differences would have a meaningful impact on visual outcomes or optical quality. Based on the PRK study results to date, there is no correlation. Ongoing testing in this study will help determine if there is a difference in lacritin levels in participants undergoing LASIK as well as if lacritin concentrations affect early and long-term optical quality and visual outcomes in PRK and LASIK participants.


Descriptors :   *ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS , *LASER SURGERY , *REFRACTION , COMPARISON , GLANDS , HEALING , MEASUREMENT , MEDICAL RESEARCH , OPTICAL PROPERTIES , PATIENTS , PRODUCTION , PROTEINS , REGULATORS , RESEARCH FACILITIES , SAFETY , SULFATES , SURGERY , TEARING , VISION , WOUNDS AND INJURIES


Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research
      Microbiology


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE