Accession Number : ADA610105


Title :   Field Evaluations of Topical Arthropod Repellents in North, Central, and South America


Descriptive Note : Journal article


Corporate Author : WALTER REED ARMY INST OF RESEARCH SILVER SPRING MD


Personal Author(s) : Lawrence, Kendra L ; Achee, Nicole L ; Bernier, Ulrich R ; Mundal, Kirk D ; Benante, John P


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a610105.pdf


Report Date : Sep 2014


Pagination or Media Count : 10


Abstract : Recently, vector-borne diseases have been resurging in endemic areas and expanding their geographic range into nonendemic areas. Such changes have refocused attention to the potential for major public health events, as native populations are exposed to these pathogens. Personal topical repellents, recommended by the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and World Health Organization, remain a first line of protection against infection. The current study evaluated the repellent efficacy of four new U.S. Environmental Protection Agency-registered topical repellent products, two with picaridin as the active ingredient and two with IR3535, against a standard DEET (N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide) based product. All products were evaluated against a wide range of vector species under field conditions across the Americas. Human volunteers were used to evaluate product efficacy as compared with a well-known DEET-based formulation and determine suitability for use by the U.S. military. Findings demonstrated the new formulations performed as well as the standard U.S. military repellent and could be recommended for use.


Descriptors :   *ARTHROPODA , *DISEASE VECTORS , *REPELLENTS , ATTENTION , CONTROL , DISEASES , ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION , EXPOSURE(GENERAL) , FIELD TESTS , FORMULATIONS , GEOGRAPHY , GLOBAL , HEALTH , HUMANS , ORGANIZATIONS , POPULATION , PREVENTION , PUBLIC HEALTH , RANGE(EXTREMES) , REPRINTS , SOUTH AMERICA , UNITED STATES


Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE