Accession Number : ADA607766


Title :   Why Conscription Singapore? The Social and Geostrategic Considerations


Descriptive Note : Master's thesis


Corporate Author : NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA CENTER FOR CIVIL-MILITARY RELATIONS


Personal Author(s) : Kwok, Daniel J


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a607766.pdf


Report Date : Mar 2014


Pagination or Media Count : 103


Abstract : Conscription is a centuries-old manpower procurement policy that continues to be used by many countries today; however, in the last few decades, the trend is for developed countries to transition toward all-volunteer forces. Reasons to implement conscription include the presence of a clear military threat and authoritarian intentions, among others, but many nations have since reduced or abolished conscription as they shift toward stable, democratic late-modern prosperity. Singapore adopted conscription shortly after gaining independence in 1965, yet amid similar conditions in the past half-century and facing the same challenges to its model and ideal of conscription, has not made the transition to an all-volunteer force. This thesis analyzes the reasons for Singapore s continued use of conscription in a world where other developed countries have transitioned toward all-volunteer forces. This insight could provide alternative options for countries seeking to maintain conscription, as well as reframe the civil-military discourse about conscription. Also, Singapore stands out as an anomaly in the globally occurring transitions to all-volunteer forces, thus explaining the Singapore case would further an understanding of why countries end, or retain, conscription.


Descriptors :   *MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN) , *POLICIES , *SINGAPORE , ALL VOLUNTEER , DETERRENCE , MANPOWER


Subject Categories : Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Military Forces and Organizations


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE