Accession Number : ADA607688
Title : Correlations between Physical Fitness Tests and Performance of Military Tasks: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses
Descriptive Note : Final rept.
Corporate Author : ARMY PUBLIC HEALTH CENTER (PROVISIONAL) ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD
Personal Author(s) : Hauschild, Veronique ; DeGroot, David ; Hall, Shane ; Deaver, Karen ; Hauret, Keith ; Grier, Tyson ; Jones, Bruce
Report Date : 30 Jun 2014
Pagination or Media Count : 128
Abstract : Purpose: To help evaluate the Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT) and ensure a future test is associated with Soldiers performance of common physical job requirements, the USAPHC applied a Systematic Review (SR) methodology to identify and synthesize published correlations between military task performance and physical fitness tests. Methods: A preliminary step to our SR was to identify key military-relevant tasks and physical fitness components of interest. Starting with the Army's Warrior Tasks and Battle Drills (WTBDs), twelve task categories were identified, including some tasks performed by both military and civilian occupations (e.g., firefighters, police, and athletes). Physical fitness tests were sorted into four physical fitness groups: cardiorespiratory endurance (e.g., aerobic fitness), muscle strength, muscle endurance, and flexibility. Tests of muscular strength and muscular endurance were further subcategorized into Upper and Lower Body, Core, or Whole Body regions. Physical tests included the APFT events (2-mile run, sit ups, push-ups) as well as other equipment and non-equipment physical fitness tests (e.g., jump tests, squats, sprints, pull-ups, grip tests, arm lifts, curls, and various extension machine tests). To synthesize the data, a series of meta-analyses provided pooled correlation coefficients for the twelve tasks and eleven physical fitness test groups. Results: Flexibility tests were the least frequently identified, while upper body strength tests were most frequently identified in studies that met our inclusion criteria. Correlations with aerobic tests were fairly well studied, with a few notable gaps (e.g., the Loaded March task). Pooled r coefficients for specific physical tests (e.g., run tests, push-ups, sit-ups, grip tests, and vertical and broad jump tests) were also calculated. Of the physical fitness component groups evaluated, aerobic capacity is most strongly correlated across the greatest number of military tasks.
Descriptors : *PERFORMANCE(HUMAN) , *PHYSICAL FITNESS , ARMY PERSONNEL , CORRELATION , ENDURANCE(PHYSIOLOGY) , OPERATIONAL READINESS , STANDARDS , STRENGTH(PHYSIOLOGY)
Subject Categories : Anatomy and Physiology
Military Forces and Organizations
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE