Accession Number : ADA606789
Title : Abiotic and Biotic Mechanisms Controlling In Situ Remediation of NDMA
Descriptive Note : Final rept.
Corporate Author : ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS VICKSBURG MS ENGINEER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER
Personal Author(s) : Szecsody, James E ; McKinley, Jim P ; Breshears, Andrew T ; Devary, Brooks J ; Crocker, Fiona ; Fredrickson, Herbert L ; Thompson, Karen
Report Date : May 2009
Pagination or Media Count : 261
Abstract : This project was initiated to investigate whether in situ coupled abiotic/biotic degradation of N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA, an emerging contaminant) could be used as a permeable reactive barrier for remediation at the Aerojet, California site, where groundwater contains up to 36-ppb NDMA. The sediment mainly used in experiments is from the Aerojet groundwater aquifer (260-ft depth), with additional sediments from other groundwater aquifers (i.e., not shallow soils, Ft. Lewis, Washington, 60-ft depth, Puchack, New Jersey, 273-ft depth). Different in situ remediation processes were compared in this study: a) biostimulation (oxic, anaerobic, iron-reducing, sulfate-reducing), b) abiotic iron-reducing environment (by dithionite reduction of sediment or zero valent iron addition), c) coupled abiotic/biotic remediation (iron-reducing environment), and d) sequential iron-reducing, then oxic, biostimulation. The overall goal was to understand and optimize the combined effects of abiotic and biotic processes to degrade NDMA to nontoxic products. Iron-reducing conditions were created by chemical reduction of a sediment using sodium dithionite, and in a few cases, a natural reduced aquifer sediment or sediment with zero valent iron addition. When subsurface sediments are chemically or naturally reduced, abiotic surface phase(s) rapidly degraded NDMA (8-hour half-life for high reduction, slower for low reduction) to nontoxic dimethylamine (DMA). Experiments showed up to 80% conversion of NDMA to DMA, with further degradation to nitrate (up to 40% molar conversion), formate (trace concentration) and carbon dioxide (up to 82% molar conversion). Methylamine and formaldehyde (likely intermediates) were not detected. Experiments with 100 and 10 ng/L NDMA starting concentration had a rapid degradation half-life (4.7 hours), and NDMA was degraded to 3 ng/L (detection limit).
Descriptors : *SOIL REMEDIATION , ABIOTIC PROCESSES , BIODEGRADATION , IN SITU ANALYSIS , MINERALIZATION , STABILITY
Subject Categories : Hydrology, Limnology and Potamology
Solid Wastes Pollution and Control
Environmental Health and Safety
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE