Accession Number : ADA606282


Title :   Improving Influence Operations by Defining Influence and Influence Operations


Corporate Author : ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY STUDIES


Personal Author(s) : Santa Maria, Steven D


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a606282.pdf


Report Date : 10 Dec 2013


Pagination or Media Count : 63


Abstract : For the foreseeable future, the U.S. military will continue to protect U.S. interests and project power within areas rife with internal conflicts and faltering states. Conditions within such operating environments require land forces to influence populations, adversaries, and other regional or global audiences. However, land forces struggle to operationalize influence, and U.S. influence operations face increasing scrutiny and criticism. This is unsurprising given that U.S. military doctrine lacks a single, official definition for either influence or influence operations. This doctrinal gap causes confusion among both influence practitioners and non-practitioners, and leads to increasingly ineffective influence operations. By asking how influence operations can become more effective, this monograph determines a definition for influence in a military context, an operationally useful definition of influence operations, and the knowledge, skills, abilities, and education of an influence operations planner. Incorporation of these definitions within doctrine will enable more effective landpower projection into unstable areas.


Descriptors :   *INFORMATION WARFARE , *MILITARY DOCTRINE , *MILITARY OPERATIONS , EDUCATION , LAND AREAS , LAND WARFARE , PROTECTION


Subject Categories : Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE