Accession Number : ADA605825


Title :   A Study of the Spanish-Ethnic Soldier: Attitudes, Problems, Needs


Descriptive Note : Final rept. 19 Mar-31 Dec 1973


Corporate Author : JOHNSON (LAWRENCE) AND ASSOCIATES INC WASHINGTON DC


Personal Author(s) : Roberts, Albert ; Johnson, Lawrence B ; Smith-Waison, Marion


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a605825.pdf


Report Date : 31 Dec 1973


Pagination or Media Count : 223


Abstract : Although there are approximately 47,000 Spanish-speaking soldiers in the U.S. Army, there is little information on how they experience Army life. The present study was designed to obtain data on the Spanish ethnic soldier's self concept, his attitudes toward Army personnel, and his problems and needs. LJA constructed the Army Experience Survey, an instrument composed of an adapted Berger Self-Acceptance Scale, Problem and Needs Scale, Attitudes toward Army Personnel Scale, and an Enlisted Personnel Questionnaire, to obtain the relevant research data. The survey was given to approximately 1,000 Spanish ethnic soldiers and 600 Black and White soldiers at four stateside posts and five communities in Germany. Instructions for taking the survey and all survey items were in both English and Spanish. Chicano and Puerto Rican enlisted men were lower in self-concept than Black and White enlisted men, but the two Spanish groups did not differ from each other. Puerto Ricans expressed more problems and needs than any group. Chicanos and Puerto Ricans expressed more negative attitudes toward Army personnel than Whites but more positive attitudes than Blacks. A large percentage of each ethnic group reported that they did not know the Equal Opportunity Regulations nor the Equal Opportunity Officer. Puerto Ricans and Chicanos of both ranks (enlisted men and NCOs) felt that educational opportunities were too limited for them.


Descriptors :   *ARMY PERSONNEL , *HISPANICS , ATTITUDES(PSYCHOLOGY) , CULTURAL DIFFERENCES , ENLISTED PERSONNEL , ETHNIC GROUPS , MINORITIES , NONCOMMISSIONED OFFICERS , RACE RELATIONS , RACIAL DISCRIMINATION , SPANISH LANGUAGE , SURVEYS


Subject Categories : Sociology and Law
      Psychology
      Military Forces and Organizations


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE