Accession Number : ADA602520


Title :   Predicting Natural Neuroprotection in Marine Mammals: Environmental and Biological Factors Affecting the Vulnerability to Acoustically Mediated Tissue Trauma in Marine Species


Descriptive Note : Final rept.


Corporate Author : CALIFORNIA UNIV SANTA CRUZ CENTER FOR OCEAN HEALTH


Personal Author(s) : Williams, Terrie M


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a602520.pdf


Report Date : 30 Sep 2013


Pagination or Media Count : 11


Abstract : The primary goal of these studies was to investigate the relative vulnerability of marine mammals to acoustically mediated trauma from emboli formation. By evaluating key environmental, behavioral and physiological factors, we have been able to identify drivers influencing the dive response of cetaceans and pinnipeds, and the potential risk for tissue damage at depth. The results of this project are currently being used to develop environmentally sensitive schedules for oceanic acoustic activities that take into account the underlying biological mechanisms that control physiological homeostasis in deep and shallow diving marine mammals.


Descriptors :   *AQUATIC ANIMALS , *DIVING , *MAMMALS , *NEUROPHYSIOLOGY , *PROTEINS(SIMPLE) , *TISSUES(BIOLOGY) , BEHAVIOR , ELECTROCARDIOGRAPHY , EMBOLISM , HOMEOSTASIS , OCEAN ENVIRONMENTS , PREDICTIONS , PROTECTION , STROKES(CEREBRAL) , UNDERWATER ACOUSTICS , VULNERABILITY


Subject Categories : Biochemistry
      Anatomy and Physiology
      Biological Oceanography


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE