Accession Number : ADA601837
Title : Russian Military Transformation - Goal in Sight?
Descriptive Note : Monograph
Corporate Author : ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA STRATEGIC STUDIES INSTITUTE
Personal Author(s) : Giles, Keir ; Monaghan, Andrew
Report Date : May 2014
Pagination or Media Count : 73
Abstract : The depth and scale of change that the Russian military has undergone during the last 5 years of transformation is impossible to overstate. This monograph reviews the overall direction and intention of Russia s military transformation, with particular reference to the specific range of threats real and hypothetical against which it is intended to ensure. Stated aspirations for transformation will be measured against known challenges facing the defense establishment and Russia as a whole, with the conclusion that several specific goals are unlikely to be met. Fundamental organizational changes that finally broke the Russian armed forces away from the Soviet model in 2008-09 are now irreversible. It has been clear for some time that Russia no longer sees its military as a counter to a massive land incursion by a conventional enemy. While the idea of vulnerability to U.S. and North Atlantic Treaty Organization hostile intentions remains strong, this vulnerability finally is no longer seen in Cold War-era conventional military terms: instead, it is missile defense and precision strike capabilities that have come to the fore, even while lingering suspicions over a limited Libya-style intervention still provide a driving force for military modernization. There is a persistent argument voiced by senior military commentators wielding prodigious authority in Russia that foreign powers are planning to seize Russia s natural resources, including by means of a paralyzing first strike by precision munitions against which Russia s air and space defenses will be entirely insufficient. This provides the backdrop for repeated statements by Vladimir Putin emphasizing defense against this eventuality. As a result, spending priorities and the transformation process overall are skewed and fail to address more realistic security threats to Russia. Spending on offensive strategic weapons has also been increased as a direct result of this consideration.
Descriptors : *MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN) , *MILITARY MODERNIZATION , *RUSSIA , DEFENSE SYSTEMS , GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN) , GUIDED MISSILE DEFENSE SYSTEMS , GUIDED MISSILES , MANPOWER , MILITARY CAPABILITIES , MILITARY HISTORY , MILITARY PLANNING , MILITARY PROCUREMENT , MILITARY TRAINING , NATO , NONCOMMISSIONED OFFICERS , OPERATIONAL READINESS , SPACE DEFENSE , STRATEGIC WEAPONS , THREATS
Subject Categories : Military Forces and Organizations
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE