Accession Number : ADA600774


Title :   Female Political Participation in Afghanistan: Social Realities and Internal Security


Descriptive Note : Master's thesis


Corporate Author : MARINE CORPS COMMAND AND STAFF COLL QUANTICO VA


Personal Author(s) : Liebsch, Kensey


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a600774.pdf


Report Date : 15 Apr 2011


Pagination or Media Count : 33


Abstract : Throughout the twentieth century, women's rights in Afghanistan were either precarious or non-existent. After the fall of the Taliban in 2001, the new Afghan constitution contained specific provisions guaranteeing women equal rights, including rights to education and work, in addition to specifying quotas outlining a specific minimum for women representatives in the Afghan parliament, known as the Jirga. Afghanistan's women have met the challenge that their constitution laid before them, running for office and serving their country at all national and provisional levels. Even though women have made tremendous political gains in Afghanistan, the cultural, particularly at the village level is overwhelmingly patriarchal, which marginalizes women's role in overall Afghan society. Additionally, women's abilities to exercise their rights are hindered by depressingly low literacy rates. Women's political rights are further curtailed by security factors. Many female politicians, both elected officials and candidates, have been assassinated or threatened. The Afghan National Police (ANP) should be an important group in guaranteeing the free exercise of women's rights, but the ANP is widely known as a corrupt and incompetent organization, with very low female recruitment rates. This paper advocates that policy makers continue pushing for Afghan women's rights by, first, not overlooking or ignoring the issue, and second, strengthening the ANP to support law, order, and stability. Helping Afghanistan's women exercise their constitutional rights requires concentration on social and security issues, as well as advocacy from Afghan women who are passionate about gaining and exercising their human rights.


Descriptors :   *AFGHANISTAN , *ELECTIONS , *WOMEN , CRIMINAL CORRUPTION , EDUCATION , HUMAN RIGHTS , LAW ENFORCEMENT , SECURITY


Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Sociology and Law


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE