Accession Number : ADA599251


Title :   Directing Spinal Cord Plasticity: The Impact of Stretch Therapy on Functional Recovery after Spinal Cord Injury


Descriptive Note : Annual rept. 30 Sep 2012-29 Sep 2013


Corporate Author : LOUISVILLE UNIV KY


Personal Author(s) : Magnuson, David S


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a599251.pdf


Report Date : Oct 2013


Pagination or Media Count : 8


Abstract : Essentially all spinal cord injured patients receive stretching therapies beginning within the first few weeks post-injury. Despite this fact, almost nothing is known about how stretching might influence the neural circuitry in the spinal cord that is responsible for controlling the motor and locomotor activities of the legs. Recently, while studying activity-based rehabilitation in a rat model of spinal cord injury, we observed that stretching actually worsened locomotor recovery. The goal of this project is to investigate how the timing and intensity of a stretch-based therapy influences locomotor recovery after moderate and severe spinal cord injuries. In this, the first year of this award, we have found that stretching negatively influences locomotor function in animals with both acute (within days) and chronic (after 3 months) spinal cord injuries. We have also determined that stretching for short periods of time (4-5 weeks) allows substantial recovery to occur once stretching is stopped, and both acute and chronic animals show a similar time course of recovery. Finally, in very preliminary studies, we have found that the torque being applied during stretching of the rat hind limb is roughly similar to that applied to human lower extremities relative to body weight.


Descriptors :   *SPINAL CORD , *THERAPY , *WOUNDS AND INJURIES , ANATOMICAL MODELS , BODY WEIGHT , EXTREMITIES , IMPACT , INTENSITY , NERVOUS SYSTEM , PLASTIC PROPERTIES , RECOVERY , SPINAL COLUMN


Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE