Accession Number : ADA597447


Title :   Joint Analysis of Two Ability Tests: Two Theories, One Outcome


Descriptive Note : Interim rept. 3 Jan-30 Jun 2013


Corporate Author : UNIVERSITY OF THE INCARNATE WORD SAN ANTONIO TX


Personal Author(s) : Teachout, Mark S ; Ree, Malcolm J ; Barto, Erica L ; Carretta, Thomas R ; King, Raymond E


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a597447.pdf


Report Date : Jan 2014


Pagination or Media Count : 27


Abstract : Distinctions between tests of general cognitive ability (g) versus specific abilities (s) have been investigated for over a century. The similarity of two tests designed using two theories was examined. The Multidimensional Aptitude Battery used the individual differences psychometric approach while the MicroCog used a brain-behavior relationships approach. Both tests were administered to 10,612 participants. Correlations suggested the tests shared a common source of variance for the constructs measured. Confirmatory factor analyses established this and a hierarchical structure with g at the apex. The test designed to measure specific abilities (MicroCog) measured a single factor, g. Although different theories underlie their respective construction methods, results indicated the two tests measured much in common. That is, two theories, one outcome.


Descriptors :   *APTITUDE TESTS , BEHAVIOR , BRAIN , COGNITION , FACTOR ANALYSIS , PSYCHOMETRICS , SKILLS


Subject Categories : Psychology


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE