Accession Number : ADA595625
Title : U.S.-South Korea Relations
Descriptive Note : Congressional rept.
Corporate Author : LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
Personal Author(s) : Manyin, Mark E ; Chanlett-Avery, Emma ; Rinehart, Ian E ; Nikitin, Mary B ; Cooper, William H
Report Date : 12 Feb 2014
Pagination or Media Count : 38
Abstract : South Korea is one of the United States' most important strategic and economic partners in Asia, and for the past five years relations between the two countries (known officially as the Republic of Korea, or ROK) have been arguably at their best state in decades. Members of Congress tend to be interested in South Korea-related issues for a number of reasons. First, the United States and South Korea have been allies since the early 1950s. The United States is committed to helping South Korea defend itself, particularly against any aggression from North Korea. The United States maintains about 28,500 troops in the ROK and South Korea is included under the U.S. nuclear umbrella. Second, Washington and Seoul cooperate over how to deal with the challenges posed by North Korea. Third, South Korea's emergence as a global player on a number of issues has provided greater opportunities for the two countries' governments, businesses, and private organizations to interact and cooperate with one another. Fourth, the two countries' economies are closely entwined and are joined by the Korea-U.S. Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA). South Korea is the United States' sixth-largest trading partner. The United States is South Korea's second-largest trading partner. In late 2013 and early 2014, South Korea took the first steps toward possible entry into the U.S.-led Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) free trade agreement negotiations. This report contains two main parts: a section describing recent events and a longer background section on key elements of the U.S.-South Korea relationship. The end of the report provides a list of CRS products on South Korea and North Korea.
Descriptors : *COOPERATION , *FOREIGN POLICY , *GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN) , *INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS , *INTERNATIONAL TRADE , *POLITICAL ALLIANCES , *SOUTH KOREA , *UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT , AGREEMENTS , BASE CLOSURES , CHINA , DETERRENCE , ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT , FOREIGN MILITARY SALES , IRAN , JAPAN , MILITARY FORCES(UNITED STATES) , NORTH KOREA , NUCLEAR ENERGY , POLITICAL PARTIES
Subject Categories : Economics and Cost Analysis
Government and Political Science
Military Forces and Organizations
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE