Accession Number : ADA591773


Title :   Separation Method for Oxygen Mass Transport Coefficient in Two Phase Porous Air Electrodes - Transport in Gas and Solid Polymer or Liquid Electrolyte Phases


Descriptive Note : Final rept. 15 Sep 2012-14 May 2013


Corporate Author : HAWAII UNIV HONOLULU


Personal Author(s) : Reshetenko, Tatyana V ; St-Pierre, Jean


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a591773.pdf


Report Date : 06 Aug 2013


Pagination or Media Count : 40


Abstract : A novel method to determine the oxygen mass transport coefficient and its separation into gas and ionomer contributions was developed and validated. The method is based on the use of a limiting current density distribution mathematical model and different diluent gases with varying molecular weights. A linear relationship between the inverse overall mass transport coefficient and the diluent molecular weight was revealed. Because the use of different gas diluents with different molecular weight only affect the mass transport coefficient in the gas phase, an extrapolation to a zero diluent weight gives the O2 mass transport coefficient in the ionomer phase. The gas phase mass transport coefficient is then calculated using the additive relation between the overall mass transport coefficient and its components. The O2 mass transport coefficient in the electrolyte phase was found to be equal to 0.01284 m/s, while in N2 diluent is equal to 0.02727 m/s. Effects of selected operating conditions (temperature, O2 concentration) and MEA materials (cathode Pt loading and GDL) on the O2 mass transport coefficient were studied and discussed.


Descriptors :   *COEFFICIENTS , *ELECTRODES , *GASES , *IONOMERS , *MASS TRANSFER , *OXYGEN , CATHODES , DILUENTS , DIOXIDES , ELECTRIC CURRENT , ELECTROLYTES , FUEL CELLS , MATHEMATICAL MODELS , MOLECULAR WEIGHT , POLYMERS , POROSITY , SEPARATION , TEMPERATURE


Subject Categories : Inorganic Chemistry
      Physical Chemistry
      Polymer Chemistry
      Electrical and Electronic Equipment
      Numerical Mathematics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE