Accession Number : ADA591433


Title :   Three Essays on Terrorism, its Relationship with Natural Disasters, and its Effect on Female Labor Force Participation


Descriptive Note : Doctoral thesis


Corporate Author : RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CA


Personal Author(s) : Ostwald, Jordan P


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a591433.pdf


Report Date : Sep 2011


Pagination or Media Count : 111


Abstract : Nature's disasters and their aftermath have engendered fear and fascination in human minds for thousands of years. They have shaped the earth, the climate, and the makeup of human civilization for perhaps even longer. From the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD to the devastation wrought by Cyclone Nargis on Myanmar in 2008, these events and others have continually reminded us of nature's capricious temperament. As societies have expanded, they have adapted in an attempt to mitigate the effects of these devastating events, but all too often the propensity of disasters to overwhelm human adaptations has proved both humbling and daunting. The aftermath of a disaster is a particularly trying time for any government. A society vests much of its security within its government's ability to protect it; thus, the effectiveness and efficiency of disaster preparedness and recovery measures are crucial to maintaining a government's legitimacy. As a result, natural disasters as possible catalysts of terrorism have serious implications for both national security and disaster policy, both locally and regionally. The aim of this dissertation is to explore the relationship between natural disasters and terrorism. Natural disasters introduce random exogenous shocks that can affect terrorism. This randomness can be used as an instrument to assess the causal effects of terrorism on other factors. We utilize this randomness to investigate the causal links among terrorism, female labor force participation, and larger gender disparities in the labor market.


Descriptors :   *DEVELOPING NATIONS , *FEMALES , *GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN) , *LABOR MARKETS , *NATURAL DISASTERS , *RESPONSE , *TERRORISM , ATTACK , BOUNDARIES , CASUALTIES , DEMOGRAPHY , DOMESTIC TERRORISM , EARTHQUAKES , ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT , HURRICANES , NATIONAL SECURITY , POLICIES , PREPARATION , THESES , TSUNAMIS , VULNERABILITY


Subject Categories : Meteorology
      Government and Political Science
      Sociology and Law
      Seismology
      Unconventional Warfare


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE